Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Intensified law enforcement also benefits overseas ent

erprises in China. Last year, intellectual property authorities punished violators in more

than 6,000 cases of infringing on rights of trademark registrants from overseas, with a t

otal value of 151 million yuan ($22 million), an increase of 50.1 percent over the previous year, the report said.

An agreement to support young scholars’ research into the Silk Road was signed between China and UNESCO during a ses

sion of the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing on Wednesday.

Under the agreement, an international academic program will be launched with funding of $1 mill

ion from the Chinese government to scholars under 35 years of age from around the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Education and UNESCO, the session – entitled “Safeguardin

g the Diversity of Asian Civilizations” – focused on cultural interactions among Asian people and disc

ussed challenges in terms of revitalizing the multiple cultures of Asian countries and regions.

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He said that it’s of great importance to promote such philos

philosophies to enhance the exchanges and mutual learning of diverse civilizations.

Frederick W. Russell-Rivoallan, a program specialist and head of social and human sciences for UNESCO, hailed the dialogue of Asian civilizations.

“It’s a great way to concentrate in this part of world, but it’s also

a global inspiration – bringing countries together, understanding other cultures, respecting each

other and sharing with each other,” he said. “That’s the way that we can understand each other better and live together better.”

China will extend 1,000-Megabyte broadband connection to more than 300 cities and cut the

average service rates by 15 percent for small and midsized enterprises this year. The measures are desi

gned to achieve multiplying effects of expanding domestic demand, boosting employment and improving people’s lives.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on May 14.

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Wang said the Sino-US trade talks have made important

and substantive progress thanks to efforts from both sides. Meanwhile the talks face some serious problems which need to be resolved.

The top diplomat said that as long as the negotiations meet the general direction of China’s reform an

d opening-up policy, adhere to China’s basic needs about high-quality development and serve the com

mon interests of the Chinese and US people, the negotiator teams from both sides could have the capability and w

isdom to settle their reasonable demands and eventually achieve a win-win agreement.

Wang said China insists on upholding national sovereignty, safeguarding the inter

ests of its people and defending national honor when negotiating with any country.

According to the General Administration of Customs, trade between

China and the US in the first four months stood at 1.1 trillion yuan ($160 billion).

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Hospital head removed after 5 infants diern Medical Univers

Investigators criticize lax management, failure to control enterovirus outbreak

Liu Ruilin, Party secretary and president of Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, has been

removed from his positions after five babies died and 14 fell ill during an enterovirus outbreak at the hospital.

The five newborns who died had other underlying diseases, such as pneumonia, before c

ontracting the virus, according to a statement from the Guangdong Health Commission on Saturday.

Thirteen of the sick babies have been discharged from the hospital, w

hile the other one continues to be treated and is in a stable condition, the commission said.

An investigation determined that the case became serious because

of the combination of the intestinal virus with lax hospital management.

www.roseway2013.org

he scholars suggested that authorities such as th

 National Health Commission should monitor all gene-editing centers and IVF clinics in China to ensure trials are in line with regulations.

A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involving cell technologies should be established to pro

mote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scientists would need to pass an

ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education and

training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice against people wi

th disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby incid

ent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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Last year, there were 150 million people 60 years or abo

above living with chronic diseases in China. Of those, 44 million

were fully or partially disabled and in need of regular nursing services, she said.

“With more nurses and nurse’s aides, the demand for nursing services from the elderly will be gradually met,” she said.

The commission will also encourage community health centers to provide more nursin

g services for the elderly in neighborhoods, Jiao said. They would include more beds and setting up day-care centers.

Regulations will also be released to encourage community health centers to pro

vide beds to the elderly at home, so family doctors can provide treatment there, she said.

“The disabled, whether fully or partial, will be the priority in nursing services,” Jiao sa

id. “We will release a detailed standard for evaluating nursing services for the disabled elderly

wwwlunrancn

Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

www.koryoung.com.cn

Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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